Seahorses are fish which have ecological, economic, medicinal, and cultural importance however they are often susceptible to overexploitation and habitat destruction.
Seahorses have excellent eyesight and their eyes are able to work independently on either side of their head. This means they can look forwards and backwards at the same time! This is particularly useful as they hunt for food by sight. Unlike most other fish, seahorses do not have scales but an exo-skeleton. Their bodies are made up of hard, external, bony plates that are fused together with a fleshy covering. Seahorses are also poor swimmers. They rely on their dorsal fin beating at 30-70 times per second to propel it along. Seahorses pair for life. The male is the only creature where the male has a true reversed pregnancy. The female transfers her eggs to the male which he self-fertilizes in his pouch.
Due to a multitude of factors, including poor mobility, small numbers of offspring, high trade demand, and a susceptibility to unsustainable fishing techniques. all of the seven species of seahorse present in Cambodia are categorised as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
At Kuda Divers we complete surveys in partnership with iSeahorse/Project Seahorse in order to monitor the abundance at known seahorse habitat sites, and investigate new sites which may contain seahorse populations based upon a similarity of factors.